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Native Jersey Residents – Lenni Lenape or Delaware Indians of the Eastern Algonquin Confederacy


1524  Giovanni da Verrazano, under French flag, explored the eastern coast of New Jersey and New York Bay

1609  Henry Hudson and John Colman, Dutch West India Company, explored the Hudson River and the west side of Staten Island and discovered Newark Bay and the Passaic and Hackensack Rivers

1610  Virginia's Captain Samuel Argall explored Delaware Bay and named it after Baron De la Warr

1614   Dutch captain Cornelis Mey explored lower Delaware and named it Cape May

1618    Dutch fortification on site of Jersey City

1624    Dutch settlement of Fort Nassau

1626    Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam

1630    Dutch settlement of Pavonia

1638    New Sweden founded

1642    Swedesboro (Raccoon)

1643    Swedish settlement of Fort Elfsborg (near Salem)

1655    Dutch conquest of New Sweden

1660    Dutch settlement of Bergen

1664-1702  Proprietary Rule by English

1664    James, Duke of York, granted proprietary of New York (Maine to St. Croix) by Charles II

Jun 1664    James, Duke of York, gifts New Jersey to John, Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret

Aug/Sep 1664    James’s small fleet forces the surrender of New Netherland to England

Sep 1664    Richard Nicolls, having sailed with the fleet, becomes James’s appointed Governor

Sep 30, 1664    Governor Nicolls grants the petition to Associates to purchase lands beyond the Hudson (site of the Elizabeth Colony)

Oct 28, 1664    The Associates (Elizabeth Colony) purchase all the lands between the Raritan and Passaic Rivers from the Indians

Nov 1664    Settlement of Elizabethtown, the first English town in New Jersey

Apr 8, 1665  Governor Richard Nicolls signed the grant known as the Monmouth Patent for lands that include what is now Monmouth County and parts of Ocean and Middlesex Counties

Feb 10, 1665    Concessions of Agreement signed by Proprietors Lord John Berkeley and Sir Geroge Carteret

Jul 29, 1665    Arrival of Philip Carteret, first Proprietary Governor of the Providence of New Jersey or Nova Caesarea. He makes Elizabethtown his capital

1665    Settlement of Shrewsbury – part of the Monmouth Patent

1665    Settlement of Middletown – part of the Monmouth Patent

1666    Settlement of Woodbridge – Purchase of roughly half of the Elizabethtown Patent - Town charter June 1669

1666    Settlement of Piscataway – Purchase of 40,000 acres from a Woodbridge associate Daniel Pierce

1666    Settlement of Newark

1675    Settlement of Salem – Fenwick’s Colony

1677    Settlement of Burlington

May 29, 1668  First meeting of the first General Assembly of New Jersey at Elizabethtown

1673    Dutch recapture New York and New Jersey

1674    Cession of New Netherlands to England – Treaty of Westminster

1676 and 1687    Formal division into East and West Jersey

Mar 3, 1677    Laws, Concessions, and Agreements by William Penn, West Jersey

1679    Settlement of Trenton

1680    First meeting of Assembly at Burlington – West Jersey

1680    Lady Elizabeth Carteret, proprietor of East Jersey

1682    Settlement of Gloucester

1683    Settlement of Greenwich

1683    Settlement of Woodbury

1683    Settlement of Perth Amboy (capital of East Jersey 1686)

1693    Settlement of Freehold

1682    Settlement of Bordentown

1682    Settlement of Moorestown

1685    Settlement of Town Bank

1702    Union of East and West Jersey under one governor with capitals at Perth Amboy and Burlington



  • New Jersey History Committee, Outline History of New Jersey (Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, N.J.), 1950.

  • Maxine N. Lurie and Marc Happen, editors, Encyclopedia of New Jersey (Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, N.J.), 2004.

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